The Temple of Amun in Karnak

3d model and reconstruction

The Temple of Amun in Karnak

The reconstruction of the large walls around Amon and the monuments included there, the basin and canal reaching the Nile which was crossed by sacred boats, gives us a view of the whole area. The images show the courtyard with the pillar and the inside of the hypostyle hall, whose columns, with inscriptions and pictures, were painted and have been virtually restored.

Of fundamental importance for reconstruction purposes were the tables in Description de l’Égypte, published in Paris between 1809 and 1829.

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Short history of

The Temple of Amun in Karnak

The great temple of Amun in Karnak is oriented more or less in a north-west to south-east direction. In front of the first pylon there was a reservoir, fed through a canal by water from the Nile; from a wharf it was possible to see the boats – some of them sixty metres in length – manouvers during solemn celebrations. An avenue of sphinxes with a ram’s head, protecting an image of Pinudjem I (XXI dinastia), connected the wharf to the temple. The central gate of the pylon led to the courtyard.

The hypostyle hall of the Karnak temple, 103 m wide and 52 m deep, is an impressive view because it is supported by as many as 134 papyrus-shaped sandstone columns ordered in 16 rows. The 12 columns of the central nave, as tall as 23 m, have capitals with an open chalice. The upper circumference of each capital is 15 m. The remaining 122 columns, with a closed chalice, are about 10 m shorter.