Temple of Divine Romulus

3d model and reconstruction

Temple of Divine Romulus

The building today is part of the Basilica of Saints Cosma and Damiano, of which it is the vestibule.

The definition of the monument on an urban scale is ideal for bird’s eye views, particularly spectacular in this area which includes the most famous monuments in the ancient city.

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Short history of

Temple of Divine Romulus

The attribution of the Temple of Divine Romulus is rather controversial, and it is based on medieval sources and on the existence of a Maxentius coin showing a circular building with the words aeternae memoriae.

Emperor Maxentium is supposed to have dedicate the Temple probably in 309 B.C. in honor of his son Valerius Romuls, who died at a young age and was then deified. According to another theory, the monument could be identified with the Penate temple, including two apsed cellae on the side for venerated statues.

The building was probably the original round entrance vestibule to the Foro della Pace from Via Sacra, and its circular plan would have solved the issue of the different orientation of the imperial complex compared to the Via Sacra.