Temple of the Dioscuri

3d model and reconstruction

Temple of the Dioscuri

There are currently three columns remaining and part of the trabeation of the temple on the long side remaining, as well as most of the podium, dating back to its restoration during the age of Tiberius, who inaugurated it in the year 6 AD. From these elements and other remains, such as the paving inside the cella made of black and white mosaic found on site, it has been possible to reconstruct in a fairly reliable way the raised sections and structures of the temple.

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Short history of

Temple of the Dioscuri

In 499 BC the Romans were fighting a war against the Latins who had formed an alliance with Tarquinius Superbus to help him regain power in Rome. During one of the battles two men on horseback appeared to the Romans and led them to a decisive victory. At the same time, the same cavaliers were seen at the Font of Juturna. Here they announced the victory to the rest of the citizenry and then disappeared. Everyone recognized these horsemen as Castor and Pollux, two sons of Jupiter, and it was decided to dedicate a monument to them in the Forum.

Subsequently the temple housed the office of weights and measures and several banking offices. In the closing centuries of the Republic it was often the site of meetings of the Senate, whose members had become too numerous to fit comfortably inside the old curia from the regal period.

The temple was peripteral, on a raised podium, with eight columns on the front and ten on the sides. Only three Corinthian columns have been conserved, probably related to a restoration carried out by Tiberius after the fire which seriously damaged the temple.