The city of Pompeii

3d model and reconstruction

The city of Pompeii

The overview of the inhabited area of Pompeii, apart from being obviously based on the plans and remains currently accessible, was produced by focusing in particular on the reconstruction of the raised sections and buildings and connection or intersection trends between the roofs of the houses.

The definition of the model on an urban scale, ideal for bird’s eye views, provides a particularly interesting comprehensive perspective, showing the city in its ancient topographic location.

Apart from the images in the viewer, on request, it is possible to have other videos or other images from different perspectives.

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Short history of

The city of Pompeii

The history of Roman Pompeii began with the II century BC, when Rome successfully concluded the second war against Carthage and consolidated its power in the cities of Campania. Pompeii was embellished with buildings, both private and public, similar to those found in Latin cities and in Rome itself.

In 80 BC, the Roman dictator Sulla conquered Pompeii militarily after a long siege, and founded a colony there.  From this time on, the Samnite magistrates (meddices) were replaced with Roman ones, the city being governed by a senate counting approximately 100 members (ordo), by two aediles (magistrates responsible for the maintenance of city monuments and roads) and by the duoviri (two high magistrates invested with executive power).

In 62 AD, a disastrous earthquake was unleashed on the cities of the Gulf of Naples, seriously damaging Pompeii as well.  Nero, who was emperor at the time, personally pledged reconstruction of the cities struck by the quake.  However, this was merely the beginning of the end. The first major quake was followed by a number of minor tremors, occurring with increasing frequency.  Many houses and public buildings were still waiting to be repaired on that fateful night of August 24, 79 AD. The tragic events of that night are recorded in a letter written by the Roman writer Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus, his friend.  During the night, altered atmospheric conditions caused incandescent lapilli to rain down on Pompeii. Despite efforts to escape and the rescue operations organized by the Roman military fleet stationed at the nearby port of Miseno, most of the inhabitants lost their lives as a result of the eruption. The morning after, Pompeii and most of its territory had been obliterated.