Pantheon

3d model and reconstruction

Pantheon

Our reconstruction shows the interior of the Pantheon as it appeared during the Roman age before being turned into a Christian basilica, now dedicated to Santa Maria. Special attention has been devoted to reconstruction of the textures, for example that of the paving which is a real photographic reproduction of the ancient paving still perfectly preserved today.

Up until the end of the nineteenth century it was believed that the Pantheon we see was the structure which Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa had built in 27 BC, based on the dedication on its architrave. Only at the beginning of this century, new studies on this monument, in particular regarding its masonry, confirmed that it was rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian.

Apart from the images in the viewer, on request, it is possible to have videos or other images from different perspectives.

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Short history of

Pantheon

This monument, dedicated to all the gods of Olympus, was erected for the first time in 27/25 BC in the Campus Martium by Agrippa (as recorded by an inscription still visible on the front of the building, repositioned after the complete reconstruction of the monument in its third phase).

The original building must have had a rectangular plan, with the façade on the long side. Subsequently the monument was the object of renovations under Domitian.

The present-day structure corresponds to a reconstruction carried out by Hadrian, probably between 118 and 125 AD. A final intervention was completed during the reign of Septimius Severus, as evidenced by the inscription placed on the front of the building under the older one of Agrippa. On the front part of the building, in ancient times elevated above the ground level, there is a portico with eight granite columns. The masonry of the circular building, immediately beyond the portico, is characterized by layers of various materials, each layer lighter in weight than the one under it, and the last, at the level of the dome, made of volcanic lapilli. The dome has a hemispherical shape characterized by five concentric orders of coffers. On the inside of the monument were a series of niches, designed to host statues of the gods to whom the temple was dedicated.

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