The medieval house

3d model and reconstruction

The medieval house

The reconstruction shows a cross-section of a virtual medieval tower house.

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Short history of

The medieval house

During Middle Age in the Italian town houses are of three types: the tower-house, the house of the merchant and the craftsman house.

The narrowness of urban space implies the need to construct compact buildings to reduce the cost. The merchant and the craftsman house belong to the type Townhouse or Gothic house with long, narrow rectangular plant. They are flanked houses, developed especially in height, that rarely exceeded three floors high, mainly built of wood and therefore easy to burn. The ground floor was destined to warehouse the merchant or craftsman’s workshop. The first floor was occupied by the kitchen and living room and the still higher from the bedrooms. There were not private and reserved space: many people of different age and sex were sleeping in the same big room. The houses had no aqueduct or sewerage, but well water or fountain and discharging sewage in the streets. Heating was initially made up of the hearth found at the center of the stone floor, then from of the chimney wall. Urban homes of wealthy families or nobles did not differ much from the merchant houses, except for the larger sizes.