Trajan Forum

3d model and reconstruction

Trajan Forum

The reconstruction of Trajan’s Forum is mostly based on nineteenth century excavation data, and therefore on what the monument looked like according to the model of Rome reconstructed by Gismondi, plus the corrections introduced by recent excavation on the occasion of Giubileo and for the work on Metro C.

The location of the Temple of Trajan is still uncertain; even though no traces have been found in the new excavations below Palazzo Valentini, we chose the traditional placement behind the Column.

The definition of the monument on an urban scale is ideal for bird’s eye views, particularly spectacular in this area which includes the most famous monuments in the ancient city.

Apart from the images in the viewer, on request, it is possible to have other videos or other images from different perspectives.

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Short history of

Trajan Forum

The last, in order of construction of the Imperial Fora,  was built by Trajan between 107 and 113 AD.

To make space for the grandiose project designed by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus, the saddle running between the Quirinale and the Capitol was cut. Through the entrance, constituted by a monumental corridor, opening onto the side of the square facing the Campus Martius, one gained access to a small courtyard with columns, in the center of which rose a grandiose Column, decorated with relief sculptures narrating the military campaigns of Trajan in Dacia and whose base was designed to hold the ashes of the Emperor.

Overlooking this courtyard, were two rectangular buildings, identical and facing each other, housing two public libraries: one containing Latin texts, and the other Greek texts. On the east side of the courtyard, opposite the monumental entrance, opened up the massive structure of the Basilica Ulpia. Passing through the Basilica, one came into a rectangular square, surrounded on its long sides by porticoes. Behind the porticoes, two great, richly decorated exedrae opened up, while in the open space of the square, at a point coinciding with the median axis of the east side of the Forum, was an equestrian statue of the Emperor. On this side there was a portico with high columns in the Corinthian style, hiding an ample ambulacrum that served as an entrance to a vast quadrangular room whose pavement was on a lower level with respect to the pavement of the square. In this space was the famous temple dedicated to Trajan and his wife Plotina by Hadrian. At the beginning of the 4th century AD, some of the decorations of the forum were stripped and placed on the Arch of Constantine; the forum remained in use, however, at least until the 5th century AD, when it was gradually abandoned.