Forum of Julius Caesar

3d model and reconstruction

Forum of Julius Caesar

It was the first of the Imperial Fora to be built and a model for later ones: the Forum of Caesar consisted of a large square surrounded by a double arcade raised on steps on three sides, with a temple dedicated to Venus Genitrix on the background.

In the middle of the square, as mentioned by Stazio, stood the statue of Caesar on horseback and other statues of which only the bases with inscriptions remain.

The Forum was originally enclosed by the saddle between the Campitol hill and Quirinale, which was then flattened out when the Forum of Trajan was built. That was also the period in which the Basilica Argentaria was built, a building with double arcade and tuff pillars which closed the complex at the back of the temple. It is exactly to that historical period to which our reconstruction refers. The area can be visited today and is mostly uncovered.

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Short history of

Forum of Julius Caesar

In 54 BC, Julius Caesar was in Gaul and he charged Cicero to take care of the acquisition, on his behalf, of the lands necessary for the construction of a new forum, in the area between the Capitol and the Quirinale.

The complex must have been conceived originally in monumental terms, given that the cost of expropriation of the lands came to the considerable sum of sixty million sesterces. Construction lasted a long time and was not completed until the reign of Augustus.

The square was long and narrow, with a surface area of 12,000 square meters. The entrance was on the slope of the Capitol, reachable by a stairway in travertine. A portico ran around the square and in the center there was an equestrian statue of Caesar. The temple of Venus Genetrix, built in 46 BC, was located on one of the short sides of the square.

The entire complex was restored by Trajan, who added the Basilica Argentaria.