Comitium and Rostra

3d model and reconstruction

Comitium and Rostra

The reconstruction of the Comitium and the Rostra is part of the large and complex reconstruction of the area of the Roman Forum. The definition of the monument on an urban scale is ideal for bird’s eye views, particularly spectacular in this area which includes the most famous monuments in the ancient city.

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Short history of

Comitium and Rostra

The Comitium was the place where Romans met to participate in judicial, legislative, and electoral assemblies. These meetings took place in a small open area on the far side of the Capitol, facing the Forum, near the Curia, the Carcere and the ancient sanctuary of Vulcan, but researchers have not yet been able to reconstruct its exact form.

The origins of the Comitium probably date back to the era of the city’s founding. The ancients attributed its creation to King Tullus Hostilius, but it was not until the beginning of the Republican era that the first structures were built that separated the Comitium from the Forum in a definitive fashion. In the 5th century BC, the laws of the twelve tables were affixed to the platform and in 338 BC, the rostra of the ships captured at Actium were placed there, and from that time on this structure was called “the Rostra”.

The Rostra, and perhaps the entire Comitium were later restructured but in 145 BC the ancient assemblies which had been held in the small square were transferred to the Forum. In the time of Julius Caesar, during the building of the great public works which were to renew the center of the city, the Rostra and the other structures of the Comitium were demolished.

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