Castel del Monte

3d model and reconstruction

Castel del Monte

This reconstruction shows the castle of Frederick II and the three-dimensional model makes it possible to observe and study the monument from unusual angles and perspectives.

Apart from the images in the viewer, on request, it is possible to have videos or other images from different perspectives.

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Short history of

Castel del Monte

Castel del Monte is a mysterious building, interpreted as an example of esoteric architecture. Although associated to fortified architecture, with some traditional elements such as high walls, towers and the scarcity of windows, Castel del Monte lacks all those typical defensive structures there are in the castles, such as moat, the protective elements of the entry door, the battlements, stairs clockwise to decrease the offensive capabilities of any assailants. It was built on the plateau of the Murge (Apulia) by Frederick II of Swabia and included in the castles system projected by the Emperor to govern his possessions. The castle played as watchtower and control of the territory, serving mainly like a prison.

The structure of the castle is a perfectly geometric volume, direct expression of mathematical and symbolic relationships: an octagon, distinct at the edges by many towers of the same shape. Eight is the number that links the infinite to the finite, reconnected to the shape of the baptismal fonts, but also to the pre-Christian symbolism. A string-course encircles the entire construction marking the presence of the two floors, each divided into eight halls corresponding to the eight sides of the octagon. Each castle wall between two towers has two windows: a round lancet at the lower level (except in the two opposite sides east and west, respectively occupied by the main portal and by the entry service) and a mullioned window on the floor higher (except in the north side, the one in the direction to Andria, opened with a three light window). The distribution of the interior space is divided into two floors, each with eight trapezoidal rooms with vault and large windows. The main façade, on the east side, is dominated by a majestic portal which can be accessed by two symmetrical flights of stairs. The central courtyard, compact and severe, repeated in the octagonal shape the approach of the whole building.